Fairfax County's transportation system links resident and businesses with commercial hubs and cultural attractions throughout the Washington, D.C., metropolitan area and the world.
The Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority operates an interconnected rail and bus service known as "Metro." Currently, the Metrorail system is 106.3 miles (171 km) long with 86 stations. Metrorail operates year round and opens 5 a.m. weekdays and 7 a.m. on weekends. It closes at midnight Sunday to Thursday. On Friday and Saturday nights, Metro stays open until 3 a.m.
Fairfax County is served by five Metrorail stations located at West Falls Church, Merrifield/Dunn Loring, Vienna/Fairfax/GMU, Huntington and Franconia/Springfield-- all of which have park-and-ride facilities. Additional Fairfax County Metrorail stations along the new Silver line to Washington Dulles International Airport are under construction. The Dulles Metrorail Project is a 23-mile transit line connecting Northern Virginia to the rest of the region. The project is being built in two phases. The first phase will extend Metro from the Orange Line between East and West Falls Church stations to Wiehle Avenue and includes four stations in Tysons Corner. The expected completion date for Phase 1 is early spring 2014. Phase 2 will extend Metro through Reston and Herndon to Dulles Airport and Route 772 in Loudoun County.
The Metrobus system complements Metrorail. Metrobus has 322 routes and 12,000 bus stops in the Washington, D.C., region that link residential neighborhoods with commercial hubs, cultural attractions and Metrorail stations.
Virginia Rail Express (VRE) operates two commuter rail lines, one from Manassas and the other from Fredericksburg to Union Station in Washington, D.C. Five stations are located in Fairfax County: Lorton and Franconia/Springfield on the Fredericksburg line and Backlick Road, Rolling Road and Burke Centre on the Manassas line. All Fairfax County VRE stations offer park-and-ride lots.
Amtrak is the national passenger rail service between Union Station in Washington, D.C., and major eastern cities, with connections to other areas. Auto ferry service (the AutoTrain) is available from Lorton, Virginia to Sanford, Florida.
Fairfax Connector is the county-financed commuter bus service with 54 routes that feed into the Metro system, including the Dulles Corridor Express Bus service.
Fairfax County RIDESOURCES helps arrange van and carpooling for residents and employers.
Fastran provides transportation services for individuals unable to use traditional fixed transit routes due to a disability or inaccessibility of facilities.
Greyhound-Trailways provides local and charter bus service.
LINK sponsors ride-sharing, carpooling and transit commuter service for the Reston community.
Reston Internal Bus Service (RIBS) links Reston with commercial hubs and Metrorail stations.
Richmond Highway Express (REX) service connects Fort Belvoir, at the southern end of the county’s Richmond Highway corridor, with the Huntington Metro station and three stops in the City of Alexandria at the north end. REX’s SmartCard fare system, bus priority traffic signal technology and limited-stop service has reduced travel time significantly along the Richmond Highway corridor.
Alexandria — Located adjacent to Fairfax County on the Potomac River.
Richmond — Located 113 miles (181.9 km) south of Fairfax County on the James River.
- Virginia Inland Port — Located 63 miles (101.4 km) west of Fairfax County in Front Royal; serves as a collection point and transfer facility for containerized cargo shipped through Hampton Roads port facilities.
- Hampton Roads — Located 180 miles (289.7 km) southeast of Fairfax County on the confluence of the James River and the Chesapeake Bay. Handles large volumes of cargo and is the second busiest commercial port on the east coast. Terminal facilities are located in Newport News, Portsmouth and Norfolk, VA.
Baltimore — Located 49 miles (78.9 km) north of Fairfax County.
Washington Dulles International Airport and Reagan Washington National Airport are the two primary commercial airports serving Fairfax County and Washington, D.C. Both of these airports are operated by the Metropolitan Washington Airports Authority. A third airport, Baltimore/Washington Thurgood Marshall International, is located 38 miles north of Washington, D.C.
Washington Dulles International Airport, one of the fastest growing airports in the U.S., is 12 miles (19 km) from Tysons Corner and 26 miles (41.84 km) from downtown Washington, D.C. One of the largest transatlantic gateway in the United States, Dulles served nearly 23 million passengers in 2012, including more than 6 million international passengers.
Thirty-four passenger airlines and 28 cargo integrators operate at Washington Dulles. Nonstop service is offered daily to 86 U.S. cities and 49 international locations.
Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport, located east of Fairfax County and two miles (3 km) south of Washington, D.C., serves more than 20 million passengers a year with domestic commercial and commuter flights. Eleven passenger airlines serve the airport and flights include daily nonstop service to 94 U.S. cities and direct service to four Canadian and Caribbean cities.
Ground transportation between Washington Dulles and Reagan National airports is available through express bus, taxi and shuttle services.
Baltimore/Washington International Thurgood Marshall Airport (BWI) is located 38 miles (51.5 km) from Fairfax County. BWI serves 60 passenger and cargo airlines and offers daily commercial flights to 60 domestic and eight international destinations. BWI served nearly 23 million passengers in 2012.