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Fairfax County's transportation system links resident and businesses with commercial hubs and cultural attractions throughout the Washington, D.C., metropolitan area and the world.
The Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority operates an interconnected rail and bus service known as "Metro." Currently, the Metrorail system is 106.3 miles (171 km) long with 86 stations. Metrorail operates year round and opens 5 a.m. weekdays and 7 a.m. on weekends. It closes at midnight Sunday to Thursday. On Friday and Saturday nights, Metro stays open until 3 a.m.
Fairfax County is served by 10 Metrorail stations on four lines. Orange Line stations are located at West Falls Church, Merrifield/Dunn Loring and Vienna/Fairfax/GMU. Huntington is the terminus of the Yellow Lane, and Franconia/Springfield is the last station on the Blue Line. The first phase of the Silver Line is comprised of stations at McLean, Tysons Corner, Greensboro, Spring Hill and Wiehle-Reston East. All of the Orange, Yellow and Blue line stations in Fairfax County have park-and-ride garages.
Phase 2 of the 23-mile Silver Line is under construction and will add Fairfax County stations at Reston Town Center, Herndon and Innovation Center. The line will continue to Washington Dulles International Airport and Loudoun County. Completion of Phase 2 is expected in 2019. Learn more about the Dulles Corridor Metrorail Project here.
The Metrobus system complements Metrorail. Metrobus has 325 routes and 11,490 bus stops in the Washington, D.C., region that link residential neighborhoods with commercial hubs, cultural attractions and Metrorail stations.
Virginia Rail Express (VRE) operates two commuter rail lines, one from Manassas and the other from Fredericksburg to Union Station in Washington, D.C. Five stations are located in Fairfax County: Lorton and Franconia/Springfield on the Fredericksburg line and Backlick Road, Rolling Road and Burke Centre on the Manassas line. All Fairfax County VRE stations offer park-and-ride lots.
Amtrak is the national passenger rail service between Union Station in Washington, D.C., and major eastern cities, with connections to other areas. Auto ferry service (the AutoTrain) is available from Lorton, Virginia to Sanford, Florida.
Fairfax Connector is the county-financed commuter bus service with 54 routes that feed into the Metro system, including the Dulles Corridor Express Bus service.
Fairfax County RIDESOURCES helps arrange van and carpooling for residents and employers.
Fastran provides transportation services for individuals unable to use traditional fixed transit routes due to a disability or inaccessibility of facilities.
Greyhound-Trailways provides local and charter bus service.
LINK sponsors ride-sharing, carpooling and transit commuter service for the Reston community.
Reston Internal Bus Service (RIBS) links Reston with commercial hubs and Metrorail stations.
Richmond Highway Express (REX) service connects Fort Belvoir, at the southern end of the county’s Richmond Highway corridor, with the Huntington Metro station and three stops in the City of Alexandria at the north end. REX’s SmartCard fare system, bus priority traffic signal technology and limited-stop service has reduced travel time significantly along the Richmond Highway corridor.
Alexandria — Located adjacent to Fairfax County on the Potomac River.
Richmond — Located 113 miles (181.9 km) south of Fairfax County on the James River.
- Virginia Inland Port — Located 63 miles (101.4 km) west of Fairfax County in Front Royal; serves as a collection point and transfer facility for containerized cargo shipped through Hampton Roads port facilities.
- Hampton Roads — Located 180 miles (289.7 km) southeast of Fairfax County on the confluence of the James River and the Chesapeake Bay. Handles large volumes of cargo and is the second busiest commercial port on the east coast. Terminal facilities are located in Newport News, Portsmouth and Norfolk, VA.
Baltimore — Located 49 miles (78.9 km) north of Fairfax County.
Washington Dulles International Airport and Reagan Washington National Airport are the two primary commercial airports serving Fairfax County and Washington, D.C. Both of these airports are operated by the Metropolitan Washington Airports Authority. A third airport, Baltimore/Washington Thurgood Marshall International, is located 38 miles north of Washington, D.C.
Washington Dulles International Airport, Fairfax County's gateway to the world, is 12 miles (19 km) from Tysons Corner and 26 miles (41.84 km) from downtown Washington, D.C. One of the largest transatlantic gateway in the United States, Dulles served nearly 22 million passengers in 2014, including nearly 7 million international passengers.
Thirty-seven passenger airlines and 24 cargo integrators operate at Washington Dulles. Nonstop service is offered daily to 83 U.S. cities and 49 international locations.
Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport, located east of Fairfax County and two miles (3 km) south of Washington, D.C., serves more than 20 million passengers a year with domestic commercial and commuter flights. Eleven passenger airlines serve the airport and flights include daily nonstop service to 84 U.S. cities and direct service to four Canadian and Caribbean cities.
Ground transportation between Washington Dulles and Reagan National airports is available through express bus, taxi and shuttle services.
Baltimore/Washington International Thurgood Marshall Airport (BWI) is located 38 miles (51.5 km) from Fairfax County. BWI serves 15 passenger and cargo airlines and offers daily commercial flights to 60 domestic and eight international destinations. BWI served more than 22 million passengers in 2014.